Scientist Tests a Bubonic Plague Vaccine on Himself
"On January 10, 1897, bacteriologist Waldemar Haffkine, who trained with Louis Pasteur at his institute in Paris, tested the vaccine he had created in record time to combat a bubonic plague epidemic in Bombay, on himself. He survived, and the vaccine went on to serve as the basis for a more refined formula that provided widespread protection from the disease.
It was not the first time that Haffkine had used himself as a guinea pig before subjecting other humans to his remedies.
Vladimir Aaronovich Mordecai Wolf Chavkin (the Russian version of his name) was born on March 15, 1860, to Aaron Chavkin, a schoolmaster, and the former Rosalie Landsberg. As a child, he moved with his family to Berdyansk, a port city in eastern Ukraine, and he was educated both there and in Odessa, both part of the Russian empire."
Original cholera vaccine turns up in Jerusalem
"According to an article on the cholera vaccine ampoule in Haaretz, Haffkine wanted to test his new vaccine in Russia, but the Russian authorities preferred that peasants die from cholera than be treated by a Jew. Instead, Haffkine received permission from the British government to go to Bengal to try the vaccine on British soldiers and prisoners, and then later on the local population. The vaccine quickly proved to be effective in preventing the spread of the disease. Haffkine was honored widely for his contributions to the field of immunology, including by Queen Victoria, who bestowed knighthood upon him in 1897."
"The First Sino-Japanese War (25 July 1894 – 17 April 1895) was fought between the Qing Empire and the Empire of Japan, primarily over influence of Korea." - Wikipedia
From 1895 to 1900 a Mr. Satow was the British Foreign Minister to Japan. From his diary the following odd pattern emerges:
This may not make much sense but the background is a vaccine was just invented that year for plague, by the Russians. Faced with wanting to get the Chinese out, a deal with a mysterious Mr. Midzuno was arranged and suddenly "the bug" killed dozens and "Kenny" appears to be recovering normally for a typical post vaccine recovery of a plague shot in the arm. Notice it says he was "sick" not "broke his arm" and Kenny reports his "arm was better".
Midzuno is name of one of the Japanese scientists at the Germ Warfare camp, "he was able to induce influenza in rats by withholding vitamin D" and the US relocated hum to the US.
When the allies took the Japanese Germ Warefare Unit 731 a lot remained hidden until very very recently. One thing that was clear is they didn't develop plague flea weapons there, so they must have already had that. Plague had broken out in 1894 in Taiwan a year before the Japanese invaded.
Another thing that sticks out is when the US GI's were talking to the Japanese at Unit 731 they'd ask for morphine for dysentery and would be given when they considers 1/100 of a dose. They explained how much they expected and were told by the Japanese that was an overdose. Furthermore they were suspicious because the British always paid too much for opium as an excuse to pay for other things.
One can but winder why the British Minister to Japan was playing drug dealer with opium and why the amount was written in dollars. Prhaps it's some sort of code which explains the sudden appearance of "the bug" in the next letter. They certainly don't seem to be too worried that the Black Death was breaking out in town.
"Tsuneishi discusses his suspicion that G-2 embellished the importance of evidence it obtained about Unit 731’s human experiments involving bubonic plague, in order to forestall a planned cutoff in the flow of American public money for secret intelligence purposes. “G-2’s politically motivated manipulation of data” may have included planting the possibly false notion that the so-called “Q report” described plague experiments on Chinese prisoners."
"Based on official documents of the Allied general headquarters (GHQ) military intelligence section (G-2), I learned this time that these documents had been bought with cash from the American military.
Is it normal for victors in war to treat losers this way? At the very least it is certainly not something they wish to make public. One would think that in gathering intelligence at war’s end the victor usually commands cooperation based on his superior position, partly through intimidation."
"He noted that the key June 1947 “Fell Report” on Japanese BW activities against humans contains a section on plague with the following seven subsections: infectious or lethal dose; direct infection; immunization experiments; bomb trials; spraying experiments; stability; and infected fleas. Moreover, a former Japanese member of Unit 731 told the Tokyo District Court in 2001 that he prepared plague-infected rats to be dropped from airplanes, and scrubbed for autopsies the bodies of prisoners killed in plague experiments. A second former member of Japan’s BW program testified that he air-dropped plague-infected fleas near Hangzhou in 1940 and Nanjing in 1941."
"Speaking as one who has researched Unit 731 for many years, we need to wipe away the smudge left from the manipulation of intelligence and get at the whole picture by examining the actual medical practice. Sixty years after the war’s end, I feel as if I have taken on a new project."
Tsuneishi Keiichi is a Kanagawa University professor who specializes in disarmament of biological and chemical weapons. He is the leading specialist on Japan's wartime biological and chemical warfare Unit 731. This article was distributed by the Kyodo News Agency and appeared in the Kanagawa Shimbun on August 18, 2005. The article is posted at Japan Focus on August 31, 2006.
New Facts about US Payoff to Japan's Biological Warfare Unit 731
"Ishii countered any reservations that military leaders may have had by reminding them that most nations
had signed and ratified the Hague Convention of 1899 banning the use of poisonous gas, yet had still used gas
weapons during World War I.8
Ishii finally gained key support from several top officials after emphasizing the lower
cost of biological weapons compared to conventional weapons.9 To a nation still recovering from the Great
Depression, this argument proved quite persuasive; yet cost was not the only consideration. As Daniel Barenblatt,
author of A Plague Upon Humanity: The Secret Genocide of Axis Japan’s Germ Warfare Operation, explains:
Germ warfare was cheap in terms of budget expenditure and the raw materials needed, frightening, and,
under the right conditions, extremely effective at killing large numbers of people and causing social
disruption. Germ warfare was also, more importantly, deniable.10
Ishii noted that “there are two types of bacteriological warfare research, A and B. A is assault research, and
B is defense research. Vaccine research is of the B type, this can be done in Japan. However, the A type research can only be done abroad.”11 Abroad – specifically, in Manchuria – Ishii saw a limitless supply of Chinese POWs to
experiment on.12 Manchuria was underprivileged and remote – the perfect place for human experimentation; poor
sanitary conditions would completely camouflage any field testing.13 "
Biohazard: Unit 731 and the American Cover-Up
Faculty Mentor/Sponsor – Dr. Roy Hanashiro
University of Michigan-Flint