"An approval here can only be issued if an improper end use in association with the development or production of biologic weapons approaches can be foreclosed with a probability approaching certainty."
"German MFA Deputy Head of Division for Export
Control Markus Klinger provided the following non-paper to
Econoff, seeking additional assurances related to a proposed
export of extremely dangerous pathogens to the U.S. Army
Medical Research Institute for Infectious Diseases. The
Army's end use certificate provided to Germany is lacking an
official seal. Klinger's deputy, Nancy Reck, noted that
Germany had made two follow-up requests to the Army seeking
assurances and clarifications related to this proposed
export. The GOG seeks assurances from the USG or US Army
that the end use certificate and the information contained
therein are legitimate and accurate."
"we would like to bring the
following issue to the attention of your government.
A German firm has applied for the approval of the export of
184 genetic elements with nucleic acid sequences of viruses
for the production of recombinant viruses. The viruses will
be used in optical imaging to identify host factors required
for viral replication. The recipient in the USA is,
according to the enclosed end use certificate, the Department
of the Army "US Army Medical Research Institute for
Infectious Diseases (USAMRIID)" Fort Detrick, Maryland.
Specifications in English about the goods, the recipient and
end use can be seen from the end use certificate.
The goods are controlled by the Australia Group and are
subject to compulsory export approval (List position
C1C353A). This matter concerns the complete genome of
viruses such as the Zaire Ebola virus, the Lake Victoria
Marburg virus, the Machupo virus and the Lassa virus, which
are absolutely among the most dangerous pathogens in the
world. The delivery would place the recipient in the
position of being able to create replicating recombinant
infectious species of these viruses. "