Favorite moments from the whole ordeal. Dave Crocker inadvertanly uses new tlds. So while all along he's saying they won't work and will break the net, he was using them without knowing and did not report a single solitary problem the entire time.
References on Farber's Interesting People mailing list.
IODesign sues IANA for colliding
Postel's IAHC group planned for 7 new tlds and began negotiating with resellers. One of the IAHC TLDs was ".WEB" that had been operation for 2 years, was well known, and was promised to be included in the root by Postel according to Ambler.
Court order convicting Bayan et. al. Elashi, Iraqi tld manager, imprisoned for 8 years.
1. The domain name system may start to float without clear control as of April 1, 1998.
a) April 1 may be the Internet's Black Wednesday.
b) The DNS system may not fall apart on that exact date, but it will start to deteriorate,balkanize, and then become inconsistent.
2. NSF is abandoning all effective oversight of the domain name database.
a) NSF has failed to comply with 5 USC 552a (The Privacy Act of 1974) with regard to selling the domain name database (including the "WhoIs" database and contact records.) This can cause major litigation (billions of dollars in statutory penalties) against NSF.
b) NSF has not given NSI clear directions whether and how NSI should return the DNS database to NSF at the end of the cooperative agreement. (What happens to registrations received by NSI after March 31, 1998?)
c) NSF has not indicated whether, or how, it will distribute copies of the database once it is returned from NSI.
d) NSF has not indicated how registration fees
covering periods which extend beyond March 31, 1998 are to be apportioned. (Issue of tens of millions of dollars.)
3. Current policies of NSI give trademark holders extraordinary power over non-trademark holders.
These powers are at odds with any traditional powers
of trademark holders.
4. NSI is an unregulated, worldwide monopoly...
My talk at the 1999 CATO Institute conference.
2000 - 2002
.FR .FReaks out a how long it takes IANA to implement a whois server for tlds.
ccTLD Constituency of the DNSO
World Wide Alliance of Top Level Domain-names
"RECOMMENDATIONS on the IANA Function"
Gordon Cook on .enum, .tel, the ITU and ICANN.
Postel new tld draft 1
This document describes a proposed policy, procedure, and control
structure for the allocation of additional top-level domains.
Further it discusses the issues surrounding additional international
top level domains (iTLDs) and registries, qualification proposals for
operating such a registry, and justifications for the positions
expressed in this paper.
This document describes policies and procedures to
- allow open competition in domain name registration in the
- and provide the IANA with a legal and financial umbrella
Note that while cooperation between competing iTLD registries is
allowed, it is not required. This is specifically not assumed in
this proposal, and is considered to be an operational aspect of a
registry best determined, and coordinated, by contractual agreements
between private interests.
The NEWDOM, IETF, and related mailing lists are encouraged to read,
and comment, on this material. Presuming a consensus can be found
within these audiences, the distribution of this memorandum should be
expanded to include general commentary from the Internet community.
Cook Report June, 1997 (Vol.6, No. 3)
CIX, NSI & RUTKOWSKI FAVOR CURRENT U.S. INTERVENTION
AGAINST IAHC DNS PLAN -- IANA AUTHORITY & ARIN STILL
CRITICAL UNSOLVED PROBLEM --
SUCCESS OF IAHC PLAN UNCERTAIN -- CRITICS WANT IT KILLED
NOW -- USC INFORMS NSI THAT IT ACTS WITHOUT USC/ISI
AUTHORITY IN CARRYING OUT IANA INSTRUCTIONS -- pp. 1 - 6
CIX, CITING FAILURE OF PROCESS WITH IAHC, CITES CUSTODIAL
DUTY OF US GOV'T TO MAINTAIN STABILITY --CALLS FOR AN
IANA AUTHORITY ACCEPTED BY US GOVERNMENT-- ASKS FOR
SEPARATION IP NUMBER & DNS AUTHORITY pp. 6 - 12
IANA is managed by the Internet Corporation for Assigned Names and Numbers (ICANN) under contract to the United States Department of Commerce (DOC). The Department of Commerce also provides an ongoing oversight function, whereby it verifies additions and changes made in the root to ensure IANA complies with its policies.
On January 28, 2003 the DOC, via the Acquisition and Grants Office of the National Oceanic and Atmospheric Administration, issued a notice of intent to grant ICANN the IANA contract for three more years. It invited alternative offerors to submit in writing a detailed response on how they could meet the requirements themselves. Such responses were to be received no later than 10 days following publication of the invitation and the decision on whether to open the "tender" to competition was to remain solely within the discretion of the government.
In August 2006 the DOC extended its IANA contract with ICANN for a further five years, subject to annual renewals.
List of TLDS reserved by the IANA.
Acknowledgement of list of TLD applications recived by IANA.
The Top-level Domain Name Controversy
This paper appears in: Computer
Publication Date: Apr 1997
Volume: 30, Issue: 4
On page(s): 105-106
Digital Object Identifier: 10.1109/MC.1997.585160
Current Version Published: 2002-08-06
whois server survey
Merit.edu hosts what has become the canonical list of active whois servers as of 2004 along with whois server code that I wrote. I was annoyed you had to specify which host you performed the port 43 whois lookup on so decided to automate it with a table in a text file. I also made a point of giving it to the .CA poeple as they were still using gopher for whois which was a point of some minor embarassment.
Comments to NTIA inquiry. Rutkowski et. al.
"Mike Roberts stepped up without hesitation, and in the middle of enormous controversy, and was critical to the initial survival of ICANN" - Joe Sims, the attorney who founded ICANN.
"In the fall of 1998, a race to zero hour, which had been defined by the White House as Thanksgiving, took place. In the end, Munich style thinking prevailed. Network Solutions got a continuation of its monopoly at a guaranteed wholesale price of six dollars a name"
- Mike Roberts
Ok, so six bucks for .com is the worst thing ever. So now we have 300 new tlds many of which are tens if not hundred of dollars a year to renew, every year. How does that make snese? We'd be far better off if they were all six bucks!
"... this is for you. More and more professionals are choosing to publish critical posts on CircleID from all corners of the Internet industry. If you find it hard to keep up daily, consider subscribing to our weekly digest. We will provide you a convenient summary report once a week sent directly to your inbox. It's a quick and easy read.
I make a point of reading CircleID. There is no getting around the utility of knowing what thoughtful people are thinking and saying about our industry.
Vinton Cerf, Co-designer of the TCP/IP Protocols & the Architecture of the Internet"
They're saying you're an asshole, Vint.
"It's Time for ICANN to go"
From Salon -- there is an interesting interview with Jon Gilmore over
ICANN, along with some interesting insights on the DNS circus these days:
Dave Farber wrote the following on his email list about the above article:
From your editor (Dave Farber) and from Jon's friend and thesis advisor. It is
unreasonable for someone with independent means like Gilmore to say "Jon
didn't have the spine..." His University, his organization ISI made no
attempt to help him. What was said to him was a threat to end his career
(which he loved) and no one with the resources and connections (both of
which USC and ISI had) defended him. Jon had no resources except his love
for the net.
"How to get to that solution is the problem. Benevolent dictatorship by Jon
Postel would have gotten us there, but Jon was unwilling to stand up to
pressure from the White House. Ira Magaziner threatened him ("You'll never
work on the Internet again") and he didn't have the spine to tell Ira to
take a flying leap. But Jon's initial design would have expanded to dozens
of TLDs long before ICANN, and increased them by 50 or 100 a year until
demand slacked off. "
For archives see:
Joe Sim's resume showing long association with ICANN
The most salient aspect of the current DNS War Scene is that there are no real crises, other than those of failed expectations of many parties, including the IAHC/iPOC/ CORE, ISOC, WIPO, ITU, and IANA, plus all those people who were turned on by the original IETF- oriented discussions about how to expand the gTLD
name space in the DNS ROOT.
Failed expectations do not give reasonable cause for crisis behavior. And, there is no shortage of DNS names at this point, or in the foreseeable future, though a lot of people think that the name registration process should in due course be changed to be more open.
But, the real kicker in the current situation resides in the fact that the DNS ROOT is not actually controllable by any central authority.