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Biosafety Hazard Level 4
"Absolute secrecy corrupts absolutely" - Fred Hintz, CIA inspector general,
New York Times, July 30, 1995
"Politics is the Art of looking for Trouble, finding it whether it exists or not,
diagnosing it Incorrectly, and applying the Wrong remedy".
Sir Ernest Benn (1875 - 1954)
Also discussed is the dampening of prior euphoria that poliomyelitis virus and measles virus would be eliminated as targeted by the World Health Organization (WHO) in the early twenty-first century
VPH - Viruses, Plagues and History, by Michael Oldstone. (
Biosafety Hazard Level 4 is the designation used for facilities that have sufficient safety measures in place to the worlds most deadly pathogens and chemical agents can be handled safely. Prior to Ebola there were very few of these. Andromeda Strain provides a good example of such a facility. They're not as complicated and elegant as a sci-fi movie but you get the idea. They are used in Germ Warfare development and vaccine development. Where the line between the two actually is gets blurry sometimes, for example, is the need to aerosolize Ebola for military or medical purposes?
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Biblical plague of the Philistines now has a name, Tularemia."
Rabbit Fever - Tularemia in Ancient Egypt
Were ‘cursed’ rams the first biological weapons?
Smallpox was first introduced into the New World as early as 1520 when the Spaniards invaded Mexico and it killed "over one half of the native population
Salmonella enterica epidemic in Mexico
Permanent settlement at Jamestown began in 1607
Measles introduced to North America by New England colonists
In 1696, the Assembly at Jamestown had to recess to escape (smallpox) infection
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Cotton Mather, the fundamentalist Puritan minister heard of an old African procedure as a preventative for smallpox from one of his slaves
William Byrd reported two mild smallpox outbreaks in 1711
Another smallpox outbreak in 1715 was devastating.
African demonstrates an age old smallpox inoculation method to British colonists in New England
Americans vaccinated for smallpox in Turkey in 1717.
Smallpox vaccination comes to America in 1721
Mild smallpox outbreak in Williamsburg.
A True State of the Smallpox" issued during another outbreak in Williamsburg.
George Washington contracted the disease during his only trip away from the American mainland while visiting Barbados in November of 1751
Dr. John Dagleish of Norfolk, Virginia set forth in the April 14 issue of the Virginia Gazette an essay on smallpox, explaining the different types and their characteristics
Smallpox kept George Washington busy
Smallpox preserved Canada for the British Empire
Smallpox saved the British Empire
Sydney's Aboriginal smallpox outbreak of 1789
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In Germany, Koch proves a bacterium cause Anthrax
Cholera vaccine invented
Waldemar Haffkine innoculates against Cholera in India
Plague in Formosa
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"...and five kilograms of plague fleas..."
The Bonus Army & Tuskegee
"... bacteria of glanders and anthrax and the virus of cattle plague and mosaic disease,..."
DDT in the world war.
Secret World War II US Army Chemical Experiments Tested Troops By Race
"...The cattle purchased was also to be infected, by inoculation with the virus of cattle plague..."
In 1945 the US secretly planned to attack Japan with Mustard Gas.
"...U.S. units collected relatively few Japanese documents from China."
"Since VJ Day Japanese war criminals turned into ‘experts’ have been working for the Americans in developing bacteriological warfare"
Evidence from Chinese medical tests suggests Hantavirus' existence over 1,000 years ago
Control of Certain Aspects of the Infective Process by Progeny Viral DNA
The flu shot debacle
Last naturally occurring case of smallpox
marked degree of antigenic variation during passage of laboratory strains of influenza virus in eggs
Biological Defense Research Program
Canada and Anthrax
One control animal survived the initial aerosol anthrax challenge and appears not to have become infected.
Resurrection of the 1918 influenza virus
"...are important for
optimal toxin gene expression."
President Clinton asks Congress to add $300 million to the next year’s federal budget to protect Americans from biological and biochemical war
The WHO adopts a resolution calling for a delay in the destruction of smallpox in the two known storage sites in the USA and Russia.
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USA doubles down on Anthrax
Secret spraying, Ebola and anthrax, chemotherapy for vaccine failures
Germ lab at Ft Detrick closes, America gets smallpox vaccines again.
Iraq and Antrax phylogeny
"the extinct 1918 influenza virus was resurrected (32), a marvel of molecular biology and serendipity"
US anthrax guru Ivers presumed guilty of the Anthrax mail bombs. Dies in jail.
Soldier infects his own family with smallpox
The Mystery of Asymptomatic Influenza
Anthrax to Zaire Ebola, SARS and flu.
Public safety and national security are at stake, but who is in charge?
HIV, accidents, accidents, Obama welcomes Russian ban idea.
Ebola kills 13,000 in West Africa, Iraq, Flu
The Reemergent 1977 H1N1 Strain and the Gain-of-Function Debate
New Ebola lab; anthrax
Skiepal, Ricin, MERS, Flu, Syria
DoD germ labs around the world.
SARS-CoV-2 infects a million people by spring
Julian Assange: The CIA director is waging war on truth-tellers like WikiLeaks
Deaths from smallpox per 1,000 population
Sweden started vaccinating people against smallpox in 1801. It became compulsory in Sweden in 1816, England in
1853, Scotland in 1864, the Netherlands in 1873, Prussia in 1874, and Belgium and Austria never made the smallpox
Source: Edwardes (1902)
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